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Identification of Ancient Copper Handmade Stove Cultural Relics

At present, a large number of counterfeits have emerged in the market, and the key points for cultural relic appraisal are as follows:

1. The ancient copper handmade stove is basically handmade, while the vast majority of imitations are cast. Therefore, small welding seams can be seen from the connection between the bottom foot and the furnace body of the ancient copper furnace, while the imitation is made of cymbal and has no welding seams, making the furnace bottom and furnace body seamlessly integrated; The workmanship of the furnace cover is also the same. In addition, the mesh workmanship of ancient copper furnaces is different from that of imitations.

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2. The common rust colors of ancient copper hand stoves include green rust, red rust, black rust, purple rust, etc. The rust color of the imitation, regardless of its color, is uneven in depth and cannot blend with the body. Rubbing with hands does not have a smooth feeling. The authentic rust color is naturally deep and has a smooth feeling.

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3. The materials used for the Ming and Qing copper handmade stoves were brass, white copper, and red copper. After the Qing Dynasty, yellow and white copper became popular, and brass was used even later than white copper. When identifying, it can be seen from the bottom of the stove. If there is brass exposed, it can be determined that the items were from the late Qing and Republic of China. Like purple copper, it can be divided into two aspects, with a sense of simplicity and thickness, and simple and exquisite patterns, generally reaching up to the Ming Dynasty; Most of them are handmade stoves from the Qing Dynasty, as they are light and have intricate patterns. The patterns of ancient copper handmade stoves are artificially carved, also known as “carved copper”. The copper brush strokes are in a shape, with a wide top and a sharp bottom, and occasional knife slides. Each stroke has varying depths, including small circular chisels and dot patterns. The intersection between the lettering and the flat surface is clean, flat, sharp, and can produce fine strokes like silk. In the mid to late Qing Dynasty, flower carving developed into an independent art form, especially during the Xianfeng and Tongzhi periods when flower carving on bronze vessels reached its peak. Therefore, high-quality handmade stoves with intricate patterns are basically products of this period.

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