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The God of Culture and Wealth in Chinese Legend

Whenever the Spring Festival, in the complicated folk activities, there is one of it: to welcome the god of wealth and sacrifice the god of wealth. While people operate the folk program inherited from generation to generation, they have also completed the expectations and spiritual belonging of the soul. The God of Wealth has become a symbol that the people pray for wealth into treasures and wealthy life are worshiped and worshiped by good people.

The God of Wealth has Zhao Gongming and Emperor Guan. Zhao Gongming is Zhao Xuanntan, also known as “Marshal Zhao Yiyuan”. The earliest appeared in the “Search God” of the Jin Renbao. The plague god of human disease. Yuan Wuming’s “Three Teachers Source Search God” said that “Qin Fengyu’s purpose was called to be the vice marshal of Shenxiao”. Essence

The reason why Zhao Gongming became the God of Wealth, thanks to the Ming people’s novel “The Romance of the Gods”, Jiang Taicheng worshiped the life of the Emperor Tianzun to the golden book of the jade, and Zhao Gongming was “Jinlong Ruyi Zhengyi Dragon Tiger Xuantan Zhenjun”. The gods of Zhao Bao, Nazhen, Zhaocai, and Lishi, at this time, Zhao Gongming transformed from “evil god” to “God of Wealth”. Later, the novels and opera continued to perform, and the waves helped, and Zhao Gongming eventually became a household name. In the folk, Marshal Zhao Yong was mostly the image of riding black tigers, top helmets, left -handed golden treasures, right -handed silver whip, and strange treasures around him.


Emperor Guan is Guan Gong, and there is a person in history. According to Jin Chenshou’s “Three Kingdoms”, Guan Yu, the word cloud is long, born in Shanxi, the instrument is mighty, and martial arts are superb. In the late Eastern Han Dynasty, Liu Bei and Zhang Fei “Taoyuan Three Righteousness” started to fight for the heroes. Because there was a kind of gratitude to Cao Cao, Cao Cao carved agarwood as his body and buried it in Luoyang. The novel “The Romance of the Three Kingdoms” interprets Guan Yu’s story to the fullest. Its fierce, righteous, and loyal image is well -known.


According to records, the belief in Guan Gong began in the Northern and Southern Dynasties. In 567 AD, the Guan Gong Temple was in the head of Yuquan Mountain, Yangxian County. Subsequent feudal monarchs were promoted to consolidate the needs of their rule, and promoted Guan Gong’s loyalty and filial piety, so that Guan Gong faith developed rapidly in a relatively short historical period. From the Sui and Tang dynasties to the Ming Dynasty, the Guan Gong Temple increased, and the title continued. In the Qing Dynasty, the Governor of the Qing Dynasty believed that he could enter the Central Plains to benefit from Guan Gong, and he called it “Guan Sheng Emperor”. Guan Di faith involves all walks of life.

The God of Wealth refers to the emperor Wenchang. Emperor Wenchang is Wenqu Xing, also known as Emperor Zi. He is the god in charge of Wenchang Mansion and the earth of the world. From the perspective of belief, the belief of the emperor Wenchang stems from the worship of the Star Su in our country. ‘Wenchang six stars are in front of Beidoukui, one is the general, the second is the second general, the third is expensive, the fourth is the record, the fifth is the fate, and the sixth is the Si Kou’. ” Therefore, since the Han Dynasty, the belief in the emperor Wenchang has gradually been strengthened.


Emperor Wenchang was named Zhang Yazi. He was from Sichuan in the Eastern Jin Dynasty. He died later. People set up a temple to commemorate him. Taoism has attracted it into the genealogy, arranged for Lu Ji in the Wenchang House, and respects the name of the place name (Zi Tong). At this point, Xingju is like Zhang Yazi. With the prevalence of the imperial examinations of the Song Dynasty, Zhang Yazi was famous, and the scholars believed in Zhang Yazi’s spirituality. During the Ming Dynasty, the Tianxia Academy established the Wenchang Temple. The Qing Dynasty stipulated that the third day of February of the lunar calendar was Wenchang’s birthday, and the court sent members to participate in sacrifice activities. Now what we call the emperor Wenchang is actually the combination of Wenchang (star name) and Zi Tong (local name). In history, Wenchang’s image is graceful and wise, wearing a jade official hat, riding a white donkey, and two young children. In Chinese traditional New Year paintings, it shows its smile, holding “Ruyi”, and carrying the “cornucopia”. Emperor Wenchang should be the earliest image of the wealth god in the earliest age.

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